In the Czech Republic, goat breeding is focused mainly on milk production and its subsequent processing on dairy products (cheese, yogurt, and kefir) by the breeders. Although, goat breeding has a rich history and tradition in the Czech Republic, at present, goat breeding is little enlarged in the Czech Republic (Table 1).
Based on information from Czech statistic office, Table 2 report total number of goat, total number of female and female first time matted in period 2007 to 2014. Number of total female has increasing trends in flock, and number of female first - matted has stable equilibrium.
The WSH breed was developed between 1900 and 1930, mainly in Moravian regions, through the crossbreeding of local goats with Saanen bucks imported from Switzerland to improve milk production. The WSH is classified as being part of the Saanen group. About 30% of the purebred population is kept in individual households (1-3 dams), with performance recorded and selection applied according to the breeding objective of the breeders’ association. These dams are mothers of breeding sires sold to large commercial dairy herds (50–500 dams), which then produce their own replacements. Commercial herds are mainly stall-fed, with year-round housing and little or no grazing.
The BSH is classified in the Chamois group. From the period of about 1900 to 1960, coloured local goats of North Bohemia were improved through crossbreeding with German (Harz) and Swiss (brown Alpine) bucks. Commercial herds are smaller in BSH (15–70 dams) and use mainly seasonal grazing. At present, only natural mating is used, either by individual mating or by allotting bucks to a group of dams. Inbreeding is avoided for at least 3 generations.
Further goat breeds were imported to the Czech Republic in followed years: Anglo-Nubian (1988), Angora (1991) Cashmere (1992) and these have been included into milk performance recording since 2001, 2202 and 2001, respectively (www.schok.cz). Table 4 displaying number of buck registered into breeding by breed and year.
Ministry of Agriculture: Situační a výhledová zpráva ovce a kozy (Situation and perspective report - Sheep and goat (2012, 2013)
Fantová M. a kol. (2000): In: Chov koz. (Goat Breeding) Edice Brázda.
Goat and sheep Breeders´ Association (www.schok.cz).
Horák F. et al. (2008): 80 let kontroly úžitkovosti koz v Českej republice 1928-2008. (The 80th years of performance recording in goat in the Czech Republic 1928-2008). Edited by Sheep and Goat Breeders´ Association p 1-45.
Mátlová V. Annual report (2002-2013).