The first goats to come to Colombia arrived with Spanish conquerors in the XVI century. The Spanish entered through the north Atlantic coast bringing with them goat breeds such as Granadina, Malagueña, Serrana, and Andaluza. After more than 400 years of adaptation, a creole breed in the northern region, called the “cabra santandereana” has evolved. In the state of Santander, goats inhabit altitudes between 550 and 1800 meters above sea level, where vegetation consists mainly of small shrubbery, stubble, cactus and the ambient temperature falls between 16 and 24 degrees centigrade with an arid semi-desert climate. Currently, this creole goat is in the process of being registered as a pure breed.