Goat Value Chain Analysis in three Indian States – Bihar, Odisha and Uttar Pradesh
Report submitted by Intercooperation Social Development India
Special thanks to Mamta Dhawan (IGA CR - India)
International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) mandated Intercooperation Social Development to conduct goat value chain analysis. The objectives of the analysis are to:
India with 135 million goat population ranks second in the world in goat meat production and its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) value is Rs. 386 billion. Economically weak and socially backward communities keep goat as subsistence.
The goat production system in the country is categorized as Extensive Grazing (predominant in Odisha), Tethering (Parts of Bihar and Eastern UP), Semi-Intensive Production and Intensive Production Systems. Women perform major activities in goat keeping while men play key role in marketing.
Primary source of goat nutrition is through extensive grazing/browsing with zero to marginal supplements at homes. In addition, some of the challenges in goat feeding include shortage of crop residue with change in pulse cropping and stringent forest regulations.
High mortality, especially of kids (up to 40%) due to diseases like Peste des Pettis Ruminants (PPR), Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) and poor management are major challenges in the goat sub-sector. Despite the Government of India (GoI) initiatives, the estimated annual loss on account of PPR was Rs. 1204 billion in small ruminants and Rs.23.19 billion due to FMD (large ruminants and small ruminants put together).
Non-availability of quality breeding stock is another major challenge resulting in low productivity. The National Livestock Mission (NLM) programme of the Government of India promotes small ruminant development initiatives by using the platforms of women’s Self Help Groups (SHG) and also other cooperative structures.
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RLN-FES Microlevel study of the village level animal markets with particular reference to small ruminants (India)
Report of the study conducted in Northern Karnataka Markets
Dr. B. R. Athani
Special thanks to Mamta Dhawan (IGA CR - India)
Increase in urbanization and per capita incomes have lead to shift in preferences of consumers towards protein rich foods, mainly the meat and dairy products. Within the meat subsector, the consumers in the terminal markets can be segmented based on their attitude towards the type of meat in terms of its quality, age, sex and species of origin. As a result, the traditional livestock markets are getting reorganized as monopolistic competitive with focus on the above parameters. On the other hand, the data suggests that shepherding is declining in irrigated areas for want of grazing land and several other factors. But in other areas, predominantly the uplands, the trends are encouraging. The vibrant live animal markets are subtly heralding new opportunities in the subsector.
The study was intended to undertake subsector analysis for small ruminants with more focus on their markets and the supply channels operating in the vicinity of production areas. Subsector was mapped to analyze the dynamics including the gaps in order to identify and address the bottlenecks. The results points out that even though the markets appear monopolistic competitive, still, they are complex and lack considerable degree of transparency in pricing, grading the animals and flow of market information. Traders generally use “nigah” method of pricing that does not employ scientific measurements to determine price.
The price spread appears relatively thin, depends again on size of markets and presence of participants from far off metro cities. The channel length is shorter in small satellite markets where shandy traders and butchers from nearby small towns dominate. The price of the meat in such small markets is also lower compared to the one at metro cities by 20%-30%. Ideally the price of live animals should have direct correlation with price of meat in terminal markets, but we observed that it is never a straight jacket transfer. Apart from trade controlled assessments, tendencies for opportunistic behavior by the buyers based on the local market conditions (in terms of inflow of animals, distresses on part of sellers, number of participants from metros, etc.) determine price trends.
The Indian state of Odisha has officially rolled-out the process of designing a ‘livestock master plan’ (LMP) with the support of the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI).
The process started on 22 Oct 2020 with a virtual inception meeting in which R Raghu Prasad, the commissioner-cum-secretary of the Fisheries and Animal Resources Department (FARD) of the Government of Odisha praised the initiative saying the LMP would help in leveraging the ‘tremendous opportunities for growth in the sector.’ The share of the livestock sector’s contribution to farmer’s incomes in the state has risen to the current 7% from 1.5% in 2000 and the Odisha LMP will focus on helping small-scale livestock farmer groups, semi-commercial and commercial farmer groups and other stakeholders benefit more from the sector.
India – Goat Farming: Know How Farmers Can Double their Income Through Goat Rearing
In India, goat is called ‘Poor man’s cow’ and is an important component in dry land farming system. Marginal or undulating lands inappropriate for other types of animals such as cow or buffalo, goat is the best option. With very less investments goat rearing can be turned into a lucrative venture for small & marginal farmers.
Can goats empower women?
Written by Bill Gates
Can goats empower women?
In one of the poorest areas of India, they already are.
This is thanks to a new team of health workers who are training rural women how to gain financial independence by raising healthier goats.
Recommendations from innovation platform discussions in Bihar, Odisha and Uttar Pradesh
In 2015, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) launched a scoping project for “Public Private Producer Partnerships (PPPPs) in small ruminant value chain development in India” with a view to build a solid understanding among goat industry stakeholders (public and private) on the profitability, competitiveness, and importance of investing in the goat sector as a mean to enhance the livelihoods of and business opportunities for poor farmers in the rural areas of Bihar, Odisha and Uttar Pradesh.
Contributing to this scoping project, the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) established a participatory process of constructive engagement of all relevant stakeholders in the sector through the Innovation Platform (IP) approach1. ILRI organized and facilitated two rounds of IP meetings in the three states. In these meetings more than 250 participants with different backgrounds and interests (farmers, producer organizations, private and public service providers, market agents, processors, regulatory agencies, development organizations, finance institutions, research institutes and policy makers) came together to jointly diagnose problems, identify opportunities and find ways to achieve their goals.
The first round of discussions were very broad and general in which participants identified constraints and suggested broad areas for improvement (Table 1). In the second round, discussions were more specific to help develop business cases for goat production, buck production, last mile service delivery, fodder production and small scale processing.
Profile – Dr. Mamta Dhawan
Country Representative for India
Mamta is a veterinarian with over 20 years of varied experience ranging from international organizations like GALVmed, South Asia Pro-Poor Livestock Policy Programme (FAO and National Dairy Development Board of India joint programme), Animal Husbandry Department of Rajasthan, and various animal welfare organizations.
Written by Yoko Tsukahara, IGA Board member
The Asian Regional Conference on Goats (ARCG2018) was held at Amity University, Rajasthan, Jaipur, India on Oct. 22-26, 2018. The theme entitled “Current Challenges in Goat Industry and the Strategies to Combat in Asia Region.” A total of 287 researchers, professors, and producers from 14 countries including, Canada, China, Ecuador, France, Hungary, Japan, Mongolia, Spain, and the USA attended the meeting. The scientific program included keynote addresses, expert talks, oral and poster presentations, and brainstorming and valedictory sessions. The participants enjoyed a warm traditional welcome during the technical tour at the Central Sheep and Wool Research Institute which produces and conducts research on pure Sirohi goats, varieties of sheep and rabbit breeds, veterinary medical plants, and so on.
Invitation to attend the Asian Regional Conference on Goats, Amity University, Jaipur (India), October 22-26, 2018
Dear IGA members,
Greetings from International Goat Association! We are pleased to inform you that the IGA is supporting the Asian Regional Conference on Goats (ARCG-2018) organized by Amity University Rajasthan, Jaipur (India) on Oct. 22-26, 2018. We extend a very warm invitation for you to attend this conference and to share your experiences with other goat experts, producers and enthusiasts.
Detailed information about the conference is available at www.amity.edu/arcg2018, where you can register online and submit an abstract. Early bird registration is available through August 31, 2018. You may also directly contact the local organizers:
Dr. Jagdip Singh Sohal (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Prof. G. K. Aseri (email@example.com)
Chairman Organizing Committee
We look forward to seeing you in India!
Programas brasileiros de incentivo a caprinocultura serão mostrados em conferência na Índia
Experiências brasileiras de políticas públicas e projetos de desenvolvimento que incentivam caprinocultura serão apresentadas pela Embrapa no evento “National Conference on Building a Vibrant Goat Sector in India”, que acontece nos dias 16 e 17 de abril em Nova Délhi, na Índia. A conferência, organizada pelo Departamento de Criação Animal e Pesca do Governo da Índia, Fundo Internacional de Desenvolvimento Agrícola (Fida) e Fundação Bill & Melinda Gates pretende contribuir com discussões para o fortalecimento da atividade naquele país, com foco em questões como desenvolvimento, financiamento e mercado.
A Embrapa participará da conferência como uma das instituições convidadas pelo Fida, juntamente com institutos de pesquisa dos Estados Unidos e Austrália, e será representada pelos pesquisadores Marco Bomfim e Vinícius Guimarães, respectivamente chefe-geral e chefe adjunto de Transferência de Tecnologia da Embrapa Caprinos e Ovinos (Sobral-CE). As experiências brasileiras serão apresentadas por Marco no dia 16, em palestra sobre Desenvolvimento da Cadeia de Valor voltado para redução da pobreza, em sessão sobre experiências globais e prioridades estatais no evento.
The International Goat Association promotes goat research and development for the benefit of humankind, to alleviate poverty, to promote prosperity and to improve the quality of life.