Global Cheesemaking Technology: Cheese Quality and Characteristics reviews cheesemaking practices, and describes cheeses and the processes from which they are manufactured. In addition, the book examines new areas to stimulate further research in addition to the already established knowledge on the scientific principles on cheesemaking.
Part I provides an account on the history of cheese, factors influencing the physicochemical properties, flavour development and sensory characteristics, microbial ecology and cheese safety, traceability and authentication of cheeses with protected labels, and traditional wooden equipment used for cheesemaking, while an overview of the cheesemaking process is also presented.
Part II describes 100 global cheeses from 17 countries, divided into 13 categories. The cheeses described are well-known types produced in large quantities worldwide, together with some important locally produced, in order to stimulate scientific interest in these cheese varieties. Each category is presented in a separate chapter with relevant research on each cheese and extensive referencing to facilitate further reading.
According to China’s Ministry of Agriculture statistics, in 2011 the national sheep and goat herds totaled 282 million (of which approximately 180 million were goats), and 268 million were slaughtered, for a total output of 3.931 million tons of mutton. This is among the highest in the world. The world of mutton production rose from 6.1% in 1980 to more than 35.0%, with China accelerating the modernization and population growth, and increasing consumption levels.
Developing herbivore livestock (cattle, sheep and goat, etc.) has become a major strategic decision of China’s development of modern animal husbandry. In recent years, with the rapid development of China’s meat sheep and goat industry, its main characteristics and development trends were as follows: sheep and goat farms (households) decreased, but the total number of their slaughter increased, raising the average of raising scale; farms (households) significantly increased the size of their herd and the proportion of slaughter increased significantly; there were significant differences of large-scale level at both the regional and provincial levels.
The International Goat Association promotes goat research and development for the benefit of humankind, to alleviate poverty, to promote prosperity and to improve the quality of life.