Special Issue “Dairy Sheep and Goat Production and Products in Europe: Current Status, Challenges, and Opportunities”
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 February 2023.
Special Issue Information
Sheep and goat production from European breeds is an essential and far-reaching industry, providing original products to international markets. Ruminant animal products are recognized in Europe and other continents for their quality and originality. Although these products have a number of attractive characteristics, their high sensory quality is considered the most relevant to consumers. The quality of animal products from ruminants varies between breeds, feeding strategies, processing factors, and so on. European consumers want to know the characteristics of the products they consume. Therefore, new systems to trace the origin of animal products in Europe are required. For example, biomarkers can be used to identify the origin of animals and guarantee the quality of products. Improvements that can guarantee the traceability of products of animal origin are currently being developed. Furthermore, this characterization can help local products of high sensory quality develop quality brands, sustaining them economically.
In this Special Issue, we invite researchers to submit original research and review articles on new challenges and strategies to ensure the quality of food products from sheep and goat breeds in Europe. These papers might include, but are not limited to, topics relating to traceability control, biomarkers, new production systems, new products, original products, or the use of regional available byproducts.
Prof. Dr. Alberto Horcada
Prof. Dr. Alfredo Jorge Costa Teixeira
Contribution of small ruminants to food security for Ethiopian smallholder farmers
Volume 184, March 2020, 106064
Hiwot Desta Wodajo, Biruk Alemu Gemeda, Wole Kinati, Annet Abenakyo Mulem, Anouka van Eerdewijk, Barbara Wieland
This study investigates how and to what extent arguments related to food security influence preference of livestock species for women and men. Data was collected in four regions of Ethiopia through 92 focus group discussions (FGD) in communities where small ruminant production is common, Using a gender sensitive study designs, 23 FGDs were held separately with men, women and youth (male and female), and through a household survey involving 217 male and 212 women. Qualitative analysis was conducted to extract reasons given to explain the importance of livestock. Reasons related to food security were mapped to the four dimensions underpinning food security—accessibility, availability, nutritional value and stability. All FGDs considered sheep the most important livestock species, followed by cattle, with women allocating higher scores to sheep than men. All four dimensions of food security came up in statements explaining the importance of species but with variations across species. Interestingly, food security related arguments were most prevalent for goats followed by poultry. Of reasons given by women concerning the importance of goats, 78 % were related to food security with all four dimensions represented, and 52 % for poultry with two dimensions (availability and nutritional value). Answers from men especially had a stronger focus on economic reasons directly linked to income generation. Nevertheless, 64 % of men’s arguments for goats were related to food security. For sheep however, women only scored higher for arguments related to availability. When investigating purpose of small ruminant production at household level through a household survey, the importance of small ruminants for food security were confirmed; however, gender differences were less apparent. Being able to sell animals at short notice was the main reason for keeping small ruminants for both women and men followed by meat and milk for home consumption. Women’s argument for prioritizing selling were accessibility. For men, key arguments for selling were related to availability. For meat and milk their nutritional value was an important argument. Comparing agroecologies, accessibility (selling) was ranked top in highland areas and nutritional value (milk) was most important in lowland areas. In conclusion, this study provides much needed evidence on how small ruminants contribute to different dimensions of food security and are promising entry points targeting women to improve food and nutritional security by providing adequate animal source foods in a household.
To read the entire article, visit SRR
Farm Ready Research is Extension’s agriculture winter webinar meeting series for farmers and ag professionals. Learn the most up-to-date information on topics from dairy and livestock production to forage and farm management.
Tuesday, January 11, 7:30-8:30pm
A new year, a new ewe perspective
Todd Taylor, the University of Wisconsin-Madison Sheep Research Program Manager for the Arlington Agricultural Research Station Sheep Unit, will discuss the most complex sheep on the farm, the ewe. As the ewe moves through the production cycle, her needs change. Join Todd as he covers productive ewe management during a typical year to maintain her useful contribution as part of the flock for many years.
Tuesday, February 8, 7:30-8:30pm
Strategic and cost-effective mineral nutrition in sheep
Dr. Whit Stewart, Assistant Professor and Extension Sheep Specialist for the University of Wyoming, will discuss the factors that help producers achieve more returns from their mineral nutrition program. Accounting for seasonal changes in mineral content of basal diets, changes in requirements across stages of production (maintenance to lactation), and breed differences in mineral requirements can help us fine-tune the money spent on a mineral program. Additional management factors such as reducing variable consumption and using soil geochemistry in your region to help overcome deficiencies will also be discussed. Time for questions and answers will be provided.
Animals Journal, Special Issue, “Nutrient Utilization, Requirements and Nutrigenomics in Sheep and Goats”
The journal Animals is currently running a special issue entitled “Nutrient Utilization, Requirements and Nutrigenomics in Sheep and Goats.” Professor Christopher Lu has accepted the invitation to serve as the Guest Editor for this issue, because the implication and potential impact of the topic on future of sheep and goat industry.
For information and submission to the Special Issue, please visit:
Animals (https://www.mdpi.com/journal/animals) is an international, peer-reviewed, open access journal devoted entirely to animals, including zoology and veterinary sciences, published monthly online by MDPI. Animals is indexed in SCIE with the latest Impact Factor of 2.752, and ranking 19/146 Q1 in the Veterinary Sciences category, and ranking 13/63 Q1 in the Agriculture, Dairy & Animal Science category. Authors may be entitled to a discount if they have previously received a discount code or if their institute is participating in the MDPI Institutional Open Access Program (IOAP), for more information see: http://www.mdpi.com/about/ioap.
The organizers of the International Sheep Veterinary Conference are holding a Virtual Meeting in November 23-25, 2021. Abstracts are still being accepted with the deadline extended to July 15. This is a great opportunity to present your research, case studies, etc. to an international audience and attend a scientific meeting devoted to sheep health research without leaving your office!
Visit these links for more information on the International Sheep Veterinary Association and the 2023 ISVC to be held in Seville, Spain, March 6-10.
We are happy to announce that the abstract submission to the ISVA Virtual Meeting - International Sheep Veterinary Association (23rd-25th November 2021), is now open.
Please visit the Meeting website and submit your abstract.
You are kindly asked to be aware of the important dates.
Join us virtually for a successful ISVA Meeting!
Important dates to remember
We would like to thank you in advance for your participation and we remain at your disposal for any further information you may need.
Stay healthy and ‘see’ you at ISVA2021!
C/Marià Cubi, 4. - Pral. | 08006 Barcelona (SPAIN)
Tel. +34 932.388.777
from Maryland Extension Small Ruminant Program
Last spring, it was reported that ivermectin had efficacy (in a laboratory setting) against the coronavirus that causes Covid 19. Ivermectin is an anti-parasitic drug for animals. Ivomec® drench is FDA-approved for use in sheep. Ivermectin also has approved uses for humans.
After the announcement, some people started using ivermectin to self-medicate. In some countries, a “black market” emerged for ivermectin. In the US, ivermectin started disappearing from the shelves of farm stores.
Many health officials oppose the use of ivermectin to treat Covid. Others advocate for its use and have used it to treat Covid patients. The appeal of ivermectin is that it is widely available and cheap. It is also usually well tolerated.
We would like to inform you that the 10th International Sheep Veterinary Congress (ISVC) that was scheduled to be held in 2022 from September 19th to 23rd, in Seville, together with the 5th Congress of the ECSRHM, will be delayed six months, to March 6 to 10, 2023. As it is known, the ISVC is being organized by the Spanish Society for Sheep and Goat Production (SEOC). The organizing committee has been working hard for several years in order to perform a successful conference at the organizational, content (scientific, cultural and recreational aspects) and attendance (delegates and speakers) levels.
The reason that has led us to make this decision has been the postponement of the 31st World Buiatrics Congress (WBC) 2021-MADRID, to September 4-8, 2022. The situation caused by the COVID-19 pandemic has forced the organizers (the Spanish Society ANEMBE) to postpone the conference to September 2022.
As we said before, we would like to have a successful ISVC congress, and as you know, although the WBC is a congress eminently dedicated to cattle, it also has a section dedicated to small ruminants. The WBC is an event with which we share delegates, speakers and members of the Scientific Committee, so it is likely that by holding both events at such close dates, many potential participants, would be forced to choose between the two congresses, negatively affecting both the number of attendees (delegates) and the quality (speakers). We also share sponsor companies and institutions, so holding both congresses in the same year and in the same country, would negatively affect their financial support to our congress. For these reasons, after taking into account the opinions of the members of the Organizing and Scientific Committees of the ISVC-Seville, and obtaining the ISVA and ECSRHM approvals, we considered postponing it to March 2023 to be the best option. If this postponement could cause inconvenience to any delegate, we sincerely apologize on behalf of all the organizers.
We also want to communicate, that we have decided, together with the ISVA, to organize a virtual meeting from 23rd to 25th November 2021 of which we will inform you soon.
Looking forward to meeting all you in March 2023 in Seville!!
Jesse Barandika & María J. Alcalde
Presidents of the Organizing Committee ISVC 2023
John Sanders, Yue Xie, David Gazzola, Hanchen Li, Ambily Abraham, Kelly Flanagan, Florentina Rus, Melanie Millerd, Yan Hu, Sierra Guynn, Austin Draper, Sridhar Vakalapudi, Katherine H. Petersson, Dante Zarlenga, Robert W. Li, Joseph F. Urban Jr., Gary R. Ostroff, Anne Zajac, and Raffi V. Aroian
Haemonchus contortus is a critical parasite of goats and sheep. Infection by this blood-feeding gastrointestinal nematode (GIN) parasite has significant health consequences, especially in lambs and kids. The parasite has developed resistance to virtually all known classes of small molecule anthelmintics used to treat it, giving rise in some areas to multidrug resistant parasites that are very difficult to control. Thus, new anthelmintics are urgently needed. Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) crystal protein 5B (Cry5B), a naturally occurring protein made by a bacterium widely and safely used around the world as a bioinsecticide, represents a new non-small molecule modality for treating GINs. Cry5B has demonstrated anthelmintic activities against parasites of monogastric animals, including some related to those that infect humans, but has not yet been studied in a ruminant. Here we show that H. contortus adults are susceptible to Cry5B protein in vitro. Cry5B produced in its natural form as a spore-crystal lysate against H. contortus infections in goats had no significant efficacy. However, a new Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (API) paraprobiotic form of Cry5B called IBaCC (Inactivated Bacterium with Cytosolic Crystals), in which Cry5B crystals are encapsulated in dead Bt cell wall ghosts, showed excellent efficacy in vitro against larval stages of H. contortus and relative protein stability in bovine rumen fluid. When given to sheep experimentally infected with H. contortus as three 60 mg/kg doses, Cry5B IBaCC resulted in significant reductions in fecal egg counts (90%) and parasite burdens (72%), with a very high impact on female parasites (96% reduction). These data indicate that Cry5B IBaCC is a potent new treatment tool for small ruminants in the battle against H. contortus.
WASHINGTON, December 9, 2020 — The U.S. Department of Agriculture's Agriculture Research Service (ARS) today announced a groundbreaking treatment that prevents anemia, weight loss, poor wool and meat production, and even death in sheep.
ARS researchers partnered with Virginia Tech and the University of Massachusetts' Medical School to solve H. contortus parasite infection, which also happens to be the number one health problem in the U.S. sheep industry. The parasite infects the stomach of ruminant mammals, feeding and interfering with digestion, before ultimately affecting the animal's overall health and stability.
"The H. contortus parasite has developed resistance to virtually all known classes of anti-parasitic drugs," said ARS Researcher Dr. Joseph Urban, who lead the research team in testing and implementation of a para-probiotic treatment to kill the parasite that causes H.contortus.
The worm parasite mates within the animal and its fertilized eggs pass through the animal's waste into the soil. The larvae then develop to re-infect other unsuspecting animals, spreading the infection throughout a pasture and creating a cycle of infection that hinders animal growth, development and production.
The International Goat Association promotes goat research and development for the benefit of humankind, to alleviate poverty, to promote prosperity and to improve the quality of life.