Sándor Kukovics, International Zootechnics Specialist, Hungary: Whenever possible, greater reserves should be created for the future.
Prof. Univ. Dr. Sándor Kukovics is one of the most important international specialists in the field of animal husbandry and coordinator of the sheep / goat sector in Hungary.
RALF: What are your advice for zootechnical farmers in the new economic context?
Sándor Kukovics: There is a rather interesting situation where direct sales have a rather limited opportunity to reach the final consumer due to the closed markets. There are few sheep and goat keepers who are not adversely affected by the current situation. Due to the limited operation of slaughterhouses, sales for meat are only possible for farm slaughter, which is only a semi-legal activity as required by regulators. At the same time, live sheep sales and exports have fortunately been steady in recent weeks due to transportation facilitations. The problem is the unpredictable demand of the traditional Italian market for exports, but fortunately the shift to exports to alternative markets has started, which has helped a lot in the situation of sheep farmers. However, milk sales are in a less favourable position due to the sudden disappearance of consumers (HORECA sector, tourism).
The sale of milk is less of a problem for sheep’s milk, because processors make products with a longer shelf life anyway, and they can buy them until their storage is full of finished products. Sales from home processing to the direct consumer affect only a few farms. In the case of goat’s milk, the problems are much greater. Only those producers were able to find a bridging solution that formed their customer base and were able to serve them by sending a direct package or home delivery. Fortunately, some markets are slowly reopening and worries are easing somewhat, but unfortunately, a significant proportion of consumers have seen their earnings on such products fall.
On behalf of the Board of International Goat Association and the Hungarian Sheep and Goat Dairying Public Utility Association, we are delighted to invite you to the 13th International Conference on Goats (ICG 2020) to be held from 14 to 17 September 2020, in Eger, Hungary.
The conference aims to link research and production by sharing information, experience, and best practices. Scientists, researchers, advisors, technologists, farmers, producers, processors, vets and all industry suppliers are warmly welcomed to the four-day event.
The picturesque town of Eger is located in the Western gate of the scenic Bükk Mountains. This thousand-year-old Episcopal seat, today an archiepiscopal center, is one of the most beautiful baroque towns in the country. Its inhabitants are proud of its illustrious historical past and the valuable heritage of monuments and buildings.
First, I would like to thank the host organization and the people of Nepal for your warm welcome and hospitality. You are genuinely lovely people, and I appreciate your sincerity and friendship. Congratulations go to the Faculty of Animal Science, Veterinary Science and Fisheries at the Agriculture and Forestry University for a successful conference.
Comparing to the outcomes of the Conference and the efforts to elevate the importance of goats as a species that can alleviate poverty, and improve food security and nutrition, our little inconvenience during the very long-distance traveling becomes so trivial. Just like the goal of increasing production efficiency of goats, quality is far more important than quantity.
I understand that there are many conferences to be hosted by the University in the near future, I encourage the university to engage in a thought process to focus more on the quality of scientific programs, more participation by the students and faculty, and a smoother logistic arrangement.
The Asian Regional Conference on Goats has just concluded and was an incredible success.
The conference was held from October 20th to 23rd in Chitwan, Nepal, with the support of the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development, Department of Livestock Services, Nepal Agricultural Research Council, Heifer International Nepal, and University Grants Commission.
The main aim of the conference was to gather researchers, academicians, and development entities to exchange knowledge and technologies generated in the field of goat research and development across the globe.
To learn more, visit the conference website: afu.edu.np/vet/arcg2019.
Edited by Sándor Kukovics
Széchenyi István University of Sciences
Goat science covers quite a wide range and varieties of topics, from genetics and breeding, via nutrition, production systems, reproduction, milk and meat production, animal health and parasitism, etc., up to the effects of goat products on human health. In this book, several parts of them are presented within 18 different chapters. Molecular genetics and genetic improvement of goats are the new approaches of goat development. Several factors affect the passage rate of digesta in goats, but for diet properties, goats are similar to other ruminants. Iodine deficiency in goats could be dangerous. Assisted reproduction techniques have similar importance in goats like in other ruminants. Milk and meat production traits of goats are almost equally important and have significant positive impacts on human health. Many factors affect the health of goats, heat stress being of increasing importance. Production systems could modify all of the abovementioned characteristics of goats.
You can download each chapter at IntechOpen, https://www.intechopen.com/books/goat-science.
The International Goat Association promotes goat research and development for the benefit of humankind, to alleviate poverty, to promote prosperity and to improve the quality of life.