Abstract: Goats have a key role in ensuring food security and economic livelihood to smallholder farmers in rural areas. Women play a vital role in goat rearing, promoting economic autonomy within households. Indigenous goats dominate and are of high significance due to their adaptive traits that are relevant for climate change and low maintenance. However, lack of emphasis on farmer-centered technology development and proper breed characterization remains a hitch to sustainable utilization and breed development of indigenous goats. This can be over come through proper linkage between market and production, workable regional and national agricultural policies, community breeding programs, collaborative research work within the region, and consistent government support.
Keywords: food security; goats; climate change; Southern Africa
Special thanks to Marisia Geraci (IGA CR - South Africa) and Rauri Alcock (Director of Mdukatshani)
In 2017, there were no goat abattoirs in all of South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Lesotho or Zimbabwe. So when the South African Agribusiness Development Agency was told to build one in KwaZulu Natal Province, they asked for help from Mdukatshani, a local NGO that is implementing a Goat Agribusiness Project. Director Rauri Alcock found the closest one in Tete, Mozambique. Here is his report of the visit. Unfortunately, in 2020, this goat abattoir is not yet built.
Gracinda Mataveia * **, Abubeker Hassen** and Carina Visser**
* Department of Clinics, Faculty of Veterinary, University of Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique
** Department of Animal and Wildlife Sciences, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Goats play a vital role in food security and contribute to improved livelihoods for various resource-poor communities. In Africa, goats are deeply entrenched in almost every African culture, particularly within those communities that are not able to keep large livestock. Goats have a relatively high productivity in harsh environments, use inexpensive feed resources, have a short reproductive cycle and have higher prolificacy when compared to cows. These animals also have a beneficial effect on income generation and provide social and economic security to rural communities.
Goat production has increased during the last decade and there are currently more than 1 billion goats, globally. Approximately 96% of these animals are meat goats and are found in developing countries in Asia and Africa. The African goat population has also increased over the last five years to approximately 422.7 million goats, representing 40.9% of the world’s goat population. Approximately 35 million of these goats are part of the Southern African population. Mozambique has around 3.94 million goats, ranking fifth among African countries in terms of its goat population. Of the total number of goats in Mozambique, smallholder farmers keep 97.7%, while only 2.27% are part of medium-scale systems and a negligible 0.07% is produced in intensive systems.
Associate Editor for Reproduction
Prof. K.C. Lehloenya is Associate Professor in the Department of Agriculture, University of Zululand, KwaZulu-Natal province, South Africa. She teaches various physiology and animal science subjects. To date, she supervised 16 postgraduate students to completion in reproduction and production physiology. Her specialization is in reproductive physiology and utilization of assisted reproduction technologies in farm animals to speed up the genetic progress and conservation of valuable genetic material. She is currently focused on combining specific nutrients (antioxidants) and molecular biology to improve livestock production using assisted reproductive technologies such as estrous synchronization, artificial insemination, in vitro embryo production and gametes cryopreservation. She visited and collaborated with international researchers from University of Florida (USA), INIA (Spanish National Institute for Agricultural and Food Research and Technology, Spain), AGRIS (Agricultural Research Agency of Sardinia, Italy). She authored and co-authored numerous papers on in vitro fertilization, estrous synchronization, multiple ovulation and embryo transfer, semen quality and cryopreservation.
Country Representative for South Africa
Marisia has been the CEO for HPSA (Heifer Project South Africa) since 2009 and worked previously (2001 to 2009) for Heifer International.
Produced by: Mdukatshani, HPSA, Department of Rural Development and Land Reform (DRDLR) and KwaZulu-Natal Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (DARD)
Special thanks to Marisia Geraci, IGA's Country Representative for South Africa for sharing this information.
How to use this book
The aim of this book is to assist owners of indigenous goats with extensive farming systems. It looks at ways to improve the productivity of their herds. It is designed to be shared with farmers in a way that allows them to understand how to find their way through the book and how to find the information that they need. It is best if the book is used as part of a capacity building programme being implemented by extension officers and field workers.
There are further training materials to support training farmers with this book. They are available at www.mdukatshani.com, www.hpsa.org.za or www.gapkzn.co.za. These are training modules linked to sections in the book and can be downloaded as pdfs for printing, or as PowerPoint presentations. These training materials reference this book’s sections and pages.
Presented by Dr. Carina Visser, Vice-President of IGA, during the 2017 National Symposium on Sheep and Goat, August 18 to 21, 2017, Shijiazhuang, China.
Purpose of this book
The aim of this book is to assist owners of indigenous goats with extensive farming systems. It looks at ways to improve the productivity of their flocks. It is designed to be shared with farmers in a way that allows them to understand how to find their way through the book and how to find the information that they need. It is best if the book is part of a capacity building programme being implemented by extension officers and field workers.
There are further training materials to support training farmers on this book. They are available at www.mdukatshani.com or www.heifer.org.za. These are training modules linked to sections in the book and are in downloadable .pdf for printing or a downloadable PowerPoint presentation.
The International Goat Association promotes goat research and development for the benefit of humankind, to alleviate poverty, to promote prosperity and to improve the quality of life.