Among the major issues facing the global population are persistent malnutrition (including both undernutrition and overweight/obesity), climate change, and environmental degradation. At the crossroads of these issues, animal-source food (ASF; meat, poultry, fish, dairy, and eggs) have attracted considerable attention for both their role in diets and their environmental impacts–and their production also plays an important role in livelihoods, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). As these issues are intertwined, they must be considered jointly and with sufficient recognition of the nuance involved. This paper aims to add to this debate through a review and discussion of evidence on ASF spanning several dimensions: nutrition, health, environment, livelihoods, and equity.
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Livestockdata.org offers data and evidence on livestock health and
productivity in low and middle-income countries
A new website aims to communicate the best available data and evidence on livestock health and productivity. Launched today, Livestockdata.org is managed by Supporting Evidence Based Interventions (SEBI) on behalf of the Livestock Data for Decisions (LD4D) community of practice. According to SEBI, poor quality, scarce and disparate data are holding back development of the livestock sector in low and middle-income countries. This impacts the lives of millions of people who depend on livestock for a living. The new site aims to build up a knowledge base of open access data, interactive tools and visualisations that policy makers and investors can use to make evidence-based decisions.
AbdulMahdi Kabirifard (1), Sayed AbuTaleb Sadeghi (1), Mohammad Sadegh Yazdanshenas (2),
Nader Papi (3), Farhad Mirzaei (3)
1. Animal Science Department, Bushehr Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Bushehr, Iran
2. Jihad-e-keshavarzi Organization of Bushehr Province
3. Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Animal Science Research Institute of Iran, Karaj.
History of goat breeding in the province
Adani goat almost since the European colonial countries participated in the Persian Gulf in Bushehr province was entered. This goat in coastal areas where the climate is hot and humid, easily adapted, and able to endure high and with optimal milk production is approximately indigenous. This goat over many generations under the influence of natural and artificial selection have been reared. In terms of local, the ecotype named Adani, also called Khargi and Gaysi.
Geographic distribution areas
This goat exists only in the Bushehr province, mostly in coastal areas from Genaveh to Assaluyeh.
The population of this goat in herds is almost 35 thousand head crossed with native black goat and Pakistani in most townships. At present, in the breeding station for Adani goats, there are 340 Adani goats and 90 Adani crossed with Alpine and Sannen goats.
Raising your own food can be a rewarding experience. It provides physical activity and a source of fresh food. Raising plants and animals in order to produce food is a great activity for the entire family and can be excellent for mental health. To assist small producers, novice livestock owners and gardeners and those thinking of trying their hands at backyard farming, the University of Maryland Extension has put together a series of educational webinars on various livestock and gardening topics.
One session that stood out to us was, Basic Feeding for Sheep and Goats: May 25, 2020 & May 28, 2020. To register for the Monday sessions at noon, visit https://go.umd.edu/mondaybyf. To register for the Thursday sessions at 7 pm, visit https://go.umd.edu/thursdayfarming
Other sessions include:
CLICK HERE TO SEE THE FULL LINEUP.
Written by Jean-Marie Luginbuhl, IGA Secretary-Treasurer
This webinar presentation is about BioWorma®, a fungus (Duddingtonia flagrans) that traps and kills roundworm larvae in the manure of livestock. The presenter is Chris Lawlor from International Animal Health, the Australian company that developed, manufactures, and markets BioWorma®. The date of the webinar was May 13, 2020. The presentation is followed by a Questions & Answers session.
Sándor Kukovics, International Zootechnics Specialist, Hungary: Whenever possible, greater reserves should be created for the future.
Prof. Univ. Dr. Sándor Kukovics is one of the most important international specialists in the field of animal husbandry and coordinator of the sheep / goat sector in Hungary.
RALF: What are your advice for zootechnical farmers in the new economic context?
Sándor Kukovics: There is a rather interesting situation where direct sales have a rather limited opportunity to reach the final consumer due to the closed markets. There are few sheep and goat keepers who are not adversely affected by the current situation. Due to the limited operation of slaughterhouses, sales for meat are only possible for farm slaughter, which is only a semi-legal activity as required by regulators. At the same time, live sheep sales and exports have fortunately been steady in recent weeks due to transportation facilitations. The problem is the unpredictable demand of the traditional Italian market for exports, but fortunately the shift to exports to alternative markets has started, which has helped a lot in the situation of sheep farmers. However, milk sales are in a less favourable position due to the sudden disappearance of consumers (HORECA sector, tourism).
The sale of milk is less of a problem for sheep’s milk, because processors make products with a longer shelf life anyway, and they can buy them until their storage is full of finished products. Sales from home processing to the direct consumer affect only a few farms. In the case of goat’s milk, the problems are much greater. Only those producers were able to find a bridging solution that formed their customer base and were able to serve them by sending a direct package or home delivery. Fortunately, some markets are slowly reopening and worries are easing somewhat, but unfortunately, a significant proportion of consumers have seen their earnings on such products fall.
Epidemiology and disease control by region
Immunology & Vaccines
The International Goat Association promotes goat research and development for the benefit of humankind, to alleviate poverty, to promote prosperity and to improve the quality of life.