Mohammad Hossein Hadi Tavatori (1), Nader Papi (2) and Farhad Mirzaei (2)
1) Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Animal Science Research Department, Qazvin Agricultural and Natural Recourses Research and Education Center. AREEO. Qazvin, Iran.
2) Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Animal Science Research Institute of Iran, Karaj.
History of goat rearing in the province
Goat farming has a long tradition in Qazvin province. This helpful animal produces valuable products such as meat, milk, skin, and hair fed by forage and roughages. Goat breeding in Qazvin province is specialized to highlands where there are challenging conditions to rearing other farm animals.
Geographic distribution areas
Areas of Qazvin Province have the largest goat population, including Eastern Alamut, Western Alamut, Lower Tarom (Tarom-e-Sofla), and rural of Qazvin. Also, in this province, about 5% of some sheep flocks are goats.
Based on the current data, the goat population is over 158 thousand heads.
The types of rearing systems
The traditional goat keepers in Qazvin province are overwhelmingly rural and dependent upon mountainous pastures during warm seasons. In the spring, herds of goats feed on the village meadows, and they use fields upstream from mid-June to the end of the summer. In the cold seasons, they stay at the fold in their villages, and fodder is brought to them.
The International Goat Association promotes goat research and development for the benefit of humankind, to alleviate poverty, to promote prosperity and to improve the quality of life.