Enhancing multi-stakeholder partnerships to strengthen rural households’ resilience strategies through animal health interventions
October 1, 2021
We are pleased to invite you to the seminar “Coping with climate change: the key role of livestock ownership”, organized by the Animal Production and Health Division of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in partnership with the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) and the African Union (AU).
The seminar will highlight the role of small ruminants in strengthening rural households’ resilience to climate shocks and discuss the Peste des Petits Ruminants Global Eradication Programme (PPR GEP) as an animal health initiative contributing to climate adaptation.
The seminar is part of All4Climate – Italy 2021, a lineup of climate events launched by the Italian Ministry for Ecological Transition in collaboration with the WorldBank Group’s Connect4Climate, which aims to foster proactive dialogue on the challenges of the climate crisis and deliver on the objectives of the Paris Agreement. This initiative coincides with PreCOP26, the official ministerial meeting hosted by Italy from 30 September to 2 October 2021 ahead of this year’s UN Climate Summit.
We are sorry to inform you that Alejandro Salvador Cáceres, IGA’s Country Representative in Venezuela, has passed away. Alejandro struggled for several years with colon cancer, which he fought tirelessly. He moved to Spain to receive better medical treatment. In September, we received the news of his death. His passing fills us all with sadness.
Alejandro supported IGA’s work as our Venezuela country representative despite his illness. Fortunately, we have his last presentation recorded. We wish to thank him and his family for his years of service. The goat culture of South America has lost a great professional.
Congratulations once again to Sándor Kukovics and the entire team!
The book he edited, Goat Science, remains very popular. Chapters within the book were downloaded more than 30,000 times impacting researchers worldwide.
View the Performance Metrics for this book from IntechOpen.
Written by S.Y. Landau, F.D. Provenza
Much circumstantial evidence has accumulated for ape culture, based on observations of the transfer of adult expertise to novices, typically juveniles. Controlled experiments have ruled out environmental or genetic explanations for these social learning propensities. This acumen might not be unique to primates. Here, we identify feeding behaviours susceptible to social transmission, refute possible non-social (genetic, environmental) explanations, and assess if the patterns of social learning are conducive to traditions or even cultures in domesticated goats. We claim that not only has domestication not eroded social intelligence, but that managerial constraints and in particular nutritional constraints imposed after domestication have encouraged the development of goat traditions and cultures. Following domestication, the contribution of browse rich in plant secondary compounds (PSCs) to goat nutrition has increased due to humans providing browse as fodder and restricting goats to habitats dominated by browse. Social learning has been essential for goats to acquire safe and nutritionally wise foraging behaviours in PSC-rich environments. Genetics can contribute to alleviating the deleterious effects of PSCs, but matrilineal traditions are essential for learning to use PSC-rich plants for nutritional and medicinal benefits, including learning feeding sequences that alleviate the deleterious effects of PSCs. In utero conditioning, perinatal microbiome colonization, and milk flavors contribute to passive maternal learning of feeding behaviours. Active learning from the mother is of major importance before weaning, whereas individual learning of food avoidance and preference is important after weaning. We contend that matrilineal learning, both in passive and active forms, is the basis of traditions in goat feeding behaviours. Residual, yet flexible, group-bonding of goats based on matrilineal idiosyncrasies helps to explain how these behaviours persist in different goat cultures. Finally, in stable groups, goats develop affinity and affiliative relationships. They rely on licking, social grooming and body contact to decrease the frequency of agonistic interactions, including social mediation of conflicts. Goats also learn from humans and mother-dependent docility can pre-dispose offspring to learn from humans. In summary, goats have a high level of social intelligence necessary to function within complex and dynamic social and biophysical environments, a condition deemed essential for the existence of cultures. To our knowledge this is the first compilation of evidence showing traditions and cultures in domestic animals.
The International Goat Association promotes goat research and development for the benefit of humankind, to alleviate poverty, to promote prosperity and to improve the quality of life.