Dairy has intertwined with human society since the beginning of civilization. It evolves from art in ancient society to science in the modern world. Its roles in nutrition and health are underscored by the continuous increase in global consumption. Milk production increased by almost 50% in just the past quarter century alone. Population growth, income rise, nutritional awareness, and science and technology advancement contributed to a continuous trend of increased milk production and consumption globally. With a fourfold increase in milk production per cow since the 1940s, the contemporary dairy industry produces more milk with fewer cows, and consumes less feed and water per liter of milk produced. The dairy sector is diversified, as people from a wider geographical distribution are consuming milk, from cattle to species such as buffalo, goat, sheep, and camel. The dairy industry continues to experience structural changes that impact society, economy, and environment. Organic dairy emerged in the 1990s as consumers increasingly began viewing it as an appropriate way of both farming and rural living. Animal welfare, environmental preservation, product safety, and health benefit are important considerations in consuming and producing organic dairy products. Large dairy operations have encountered many environmental issues related to elevated greenhouse gas emissions. Dairy cattle are second only to beef cattle as the largest livestock contributors in methane emission. Disparity in greenhouse gas emissions per dairy animal among geographical regions can be attributed to production efficiency. Although a number of scientific advancements have implications in the inhibition of methanogenesis, improvements in production efficiency through feeding, nutrition, genetic selection, and management remain promising for the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions from dairy animals. This article describes the trends in milk production and consumption, the debates over the role of milk in human nutrition, the global outlook of organic dairy, the abatement of greenhouse gas emissions from dairy animals, as well as scientific and technological developments in nutrition, genetics, reproduction, and management in the dairy sector.
Compiled and written by Clara Hedrich, with assistance from Dr. Chris Duemler, DVM, and Dan Considine
The main purpose of this “Best Practices Guide” is to provide some insight into the dairy goat industry.
To read or download the guide click here.
Written by Francisco de Asis Ruiz Morales, IGA's Country Representative for Spain
Worldwide goat milk production has increased by 108.7% from 1988 to 2013, from 8,828,266 to 18,422,372 metric tons (FAOSTAT, 2013). Nevertheless, the goat is still exploited mainly for the production of meat, milk only being the principal product on the European continent.
Escrito por Francisco de Asís Ruiz Morales, Representante de IGA para España
La producción de leche de cabra ha aumentado a nivel mundial un 108,7 % en el periodo de 1988 a 2013, pasando de 8.828.266 a 18.422.372 toneladas (FAOSTAT, 2013). A pesar de ello, el caprino se sigue explotando principalmente para la producción de carne, tan solo en el continente europeo es la leche el producto principal.
Lea el artículo completo aquí.
The First Edition of the Dairy Goat Production Handbook from Langston University has been published and is now available. The breadth and depth of topics and information included in this book will serve all dairy goat producers from those persons who raise and milk only a few does in their backyard to producers operating a large commercial dairy. Upon perusing the book, the reader will see that experts in all areas of production were invited to author chapters. Excellent pictures and charts accompany the narrative of each chapter. Production of safe, wholesome dairy goat milk and milk products is the aim of all dairy goat producers. The editors and authors hope that this handbook serves to assist in fulfilling that aim.
Written by Dr. Christopher Lu
This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science. Please check back later for the full article.
Dairy has intertwined with human society since the beginning of civilization. It evolves from the arts in ancient societies to science in the modern world. Its roles in nutrition and health are underscored by the continuous increase in global consumption. Milk production increased by almost 50%, just in the past quarter century alone. Population growth, income rise, nutritional awareness, and science and technology advancement have contributed to a continuous trend of increased milk production and consumption globally.
The International Goat Association promotes goat research and development for the benefit of humankind, to alleviate poverty, to promote prosperity and to improve the quality of life.