The food animals with the largest distribution on Earth are goats, with more than one billion heads. Sixty-one percent of these are distributed in twenty-seven percent of the poorest countries. Goats can be found in the Polar Circle or in the tropical rain forests, in the steepest mountains or in desert regions, on high-tech farms or in refugee camps. Nonetheless, most of them survive in pockets of poverty, among the most outcast pariahs, where their very existence can separate life from death in humans. This study focusing on the genetic perspective of the origins of goats from the Canary Islands contributes to the universality of that specie. In addition, the book includes research that demonstrates the influence of goats from the Canary Islands on American ‘creole’ genotypes. Finally, the book also discusses the origins of sheep and swine from the Canary Islands.
This book aims to provide a perspective that can be useful for historians and other scientists, thus enriching the scope of their work. It has been elaborated by geneticists and ethnologists who work in the field of Animal Science, which is mainly focused on the study of domestic animals. In order to elaborate the research presented in this book, both modern and ancient animals from archaeological sites have been sampled. Besides establishing the phylogenetic relationships amongst Canarian livestock populations, in several cases comparisons with other domestic breeds from America, Africa and the Iberian peninsula have been established. One of the most important conclusions of these genetic studies is that the gene pools of Canarian livestock species have been strongly shaped by the founder effects associated with the settlement of the first colonizers of the archipelago. Moreover, the authors provide evidence that Canarian livestock participated in the foundation of American creole breeds
This book is written in Spanish and English.
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The International Goat Association promotes goat research and development for the benefit of humankind, to alleviate poverty, to promote prosperity and to improve the quality of life.