Written by Héctor Mario Andrade Montemayor, IGA Regional Director for México, Central America and Caribbean
In May 2013, several activities were carried out related to various aspects of goat production in Mexico.
The first event carried out from May 16-19 was sweet goat milk sweet (Cajeta) and goat cheese fair held in Celaya, Guanajuato. The fair was attended by Juan Capote (President of IGA), Irma Celi (IGA country representative for Peru), Hector Andrade Montemayor (IGA Regional Director for Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean), Juan Vicente Delgado Bermejo (Technical Director, Selection Program for Murciano-Granadian Goats in Spain), Javier Hernandez Pleguezuelos (Executive Secretary of the Association of Murciano-Granadino Goats [CAPRIGRAN] in Spain), Juan Manuel Micheo Puig (Executive Secretary of the Spanish Association of Malageña Goat Breeders in Spain), Sergio Alvarez (Researcher from the Canary Islands Institute of Agricultural Research), Felipe Torres Acosta (IGA Board Member and researcher from the Autonomous University of Yucatan in Merida, Yucatan, Mexico) and José Alberto Delgadillo (Researcher in goat reproduction from the Autonomous Agrarian University Antonio Narro in Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexico).
International goat symposium
There were twelve technical presentations in the areas of reproduction, gastrointestinal parasite control, genetic selection, nutrition, goat development in Peru, and one lecture about IGA and IGA programs in international development. After the inauguration, the fair began with the national meeting on breeds and goat products with representatives from national producers associations and technicians, national and state government representatives, and national and Latin-American producers (Guatemala and Cuba). The main purpose of this meeting was to discuss the national problems of goat producers, goat development projects and programs such as disease control, genetic selection, nutrition and reproduction, as well as government programs to support in-country development of the goat industry.
The second event was the Spain-Peru-Mexico Goat Forum took place at the University of Queretaro and was followed by a field visit to mountain goat producers from the region. The forum was on May 20th in the auditorium of the Natural Sciences faculty of the Autonomous University of Queretaro, where Dr. Juan Capote spoke about IGA to a group of goat producers, veterinary students, researchers from INIFAP (National Research Institute of Forest, Agricultural and Livestock), and researchers and teachers from the Autonomus University of Queretaro. Other presentations were conducted by Irma Celi (Characteristics of goat raising in Peru), Javier Hernandez Pleguezuelos and Juan Vicente Delgado Bermejo (Features and functions of the national association of Murciano-Granadino Breeders of Spain and its selection scheme), and Juan Manuel Micheo Puig (Activities and characteristics of the Spanish Association of the Malagueña Goat Breeders). Finally Sergio Alvarez conducted a course concerning the practical sensory evaluation of goat cheeses. Regional and Spanish goat cheeses were provided by local Mexican producers and Spanish attendees, respectively.
Visits to goat producers of the Queretaro semi-arid region
Subsistence and more technically-advanced farms located in the semi-arid region of Queretaro were visited. Farmers demonstrated traditional goat production and processing of goat cheese. Goats from this area are Creole descendants of Spanish goats. A key point of this visit is the project initiated between the University of Queretaro from Mexico, the University of Cordoba from Spain, the Association of Malagueña goat breeders, the National Association of Murciano-Granadino goat breeders, both from Spain, and IGA. The objective of the project is to develop a recovery program of the Mexican Creole goat. The genetic proximity of the Mexican Creole goat with the Murciano-Granadina and Malagueña goats was analyzed from hair samples taken from goats housed at the Autonomous University of Queretaro and from goats from the region. The delegation visited the experimental farm of the Autonomus University of Queretaro, located in Amazcala, where a herd of 250 goats is housed. Forty of those animals are native goats of the Murciano-Granadian or Creole type and may provide the initial germplasm for the recovery program. A group of Creole goat producers was invited to visit the experimental farm to discuss the relevance of the recovery program and the formation of an association of Mexican Creole Goat, with the participation of the National Association of Murciano-Granadino goat breeders and the Association of Malagueña goats breeders from Spain, the University of Cordoba from Spain, the Autonomus University of Queretaro and IGA.
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