The XXI Middle-European Buiatrics Congress was held from May 19 to 22 at the Hotel Anders in Stare Jabłonki, north-eastern Poland, near the city of Olsztyn. The European College of Small Ruminant Health Management (ECSRHM) organized the general meeting and held an annual conference as part of this gathering.
The organizing committee included Prof. Emilia Bagnicka from the Institute of Genetics and Animal Biotechnology Polish Academy of Sciences, Prof. Jarosław Kaba, Dr. Marcin Mickiewicz, and Ms. Zofia Nowek from the Division of Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics, Institute of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, and Dr. Adrian-Valentin Potârniche from the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca Romania.
On May 20, the ECSRHM General Meeting officially began with a visit to Mrs. Helena Wróblewska’s farm in Kierzliny. She described the history of her herd, which consisted of roughly 300 dairy goats. She also spoke about the farm’s daily schedule, manners, frequency of milking, and conditions for the welfare of the animals. Following the introduction, participants tasted products made by Mrs. Wróblewska, including milk, yogurt, various types of goat cheese, and some meat products. They also toured the facility to see the equipment used to make these products.
A sheep farm was the next destination on the journey. Mrs. Katarzyna Malicka, from Komalwy, showed us her roughly 500 sheep of the Kamieniecka breed and told us about her job. The participants also had the opportunity to taste several types of meats, such as lamb and mutton.
The annual conference, which was the second component of the ECSRHM General Meeting, was held on May 21. Twenty-three oral presentations were delivered, and two posters were displayed during the coffee break. About 40 people from Poland, Germany, the United Kingdom, Greece, Norway, Ireland, Hungary, Lithuania, Romania, Ukraine, and Spain actively participated in presentations and discussions. The conference was divided into four sessions: Livestock Husbandry, Udder Diseases, Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, and Other Issues Regarding Ruminant’s Health and Husbandry.
Prof. W. Baumgartner from the University of Veterinary Medicine in Vienna (Austria) delivered the lecture on diagnostics and control of mastitis in sheep and goats during the session shared by the Buiatrics Congress and ECSRHM Annual Meeting.
The first ECSRHM session included presentations on sheep mating, the quality of ewe colostrum, dairy goat kid health and mortality, and artificial insemination systems for sheep and goats.
The second session covered the following topics: effects of free grazing of common ragwort, preanalytical errors on zinc concentrations during specimen collection and handling, pH and electrolytes in blood, and ruminal fluid in sheep in general). There were also reports on sheep health, feeding system performance in commercial dairy sheep and goat farms, and potential climate change effects on tick-borne disease incidence in lambs. There were also reports on benzimidazole-resistant Haemonchus contortus in Norwegian sheep, field efficacy of anthelmintic treatments on sheep and goat farms in Germany, and a comparison of two anaerobic methods of fecal sample storage for in vitro diagnostics of anthelmintic resistance.
The third session focused on a few small ruminant diseases, such as ovine anaplasmosis in growing lambs, Clostridium perfringens type D enterotoxaemia in newborn lambs, and Coxiella burnetii in dairy goat herds.
The special session was dedicated to small ruminant lentiviraus infections in goats and sheep. Particular emphasis was given to a project on developing a rapid screening test for on-site serological diagnostics of caprine arthritis-encephalitis using individual milk samples (CAE-RAPID) financed by ERA-NET ICRAD (International Coordination of Research on Infectious Animal Diseases). Prof. Michał Czopowicz from the Warsaw University of Life Sciences-SGGW (Poland) and the CAE-RAPID coordinator presented the project’s basic assumptions and objectives. Mr. Maksym Samoilenko from the University of Bern and the Institute of Virology and Immunology (Switzerland) described some preliminary results regarding virus isolation and the development of test antigens.
All photos were taken by Adrianna Szprynca.
Special thanks to Emilia Bagnicka, IGA Regional Director for Eastern Europe, for submitting this report.
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