Written by Abdulhamid Karimi*, Nader Papi**, Farhad Mirzaei**
* Animal Science Department, Fars Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Shiraz, Iran
** Animal Science Research Institute of Iran, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran
History of Abadeh Cashmere goat breeding in the province
The history of breeding Abadeh Cashmere goats is not well known. Livestock (sheep, goats) rearing is an essential job for people in Abadeh and Bavanat cities. They produce thousands of tons of meat, a wide variety of dairy products, as well as cashmere and goat hair every year.
Geographic distribution areas
Abadeh Cashmere goat are distributed in Fars province in Abadeh and some parts Bavanat.
According to the statistics offered by Jihad-e Agriculture, the population of this breed accounts for 140,000 in Abadeh and some parts of Bavanat cities.
The types of rearing systems
The largest population of the animals are reared in herds by the village system, as opposed to industrial livestock farming.
According to the statistics offered by Jihad-e-Agriculture, approximately 1,000 households are directly engaged in livestock breeding and in this way. Additionally, more than 4,000 people are engaged in dairy products and handicrafts, such as different varieties of carpet.
Cultural, social and economical with nomadic and rural communities
Abadeh Cashmere goats have suitable production in terms of meat, milk, cashmere, and hair and have an essential role in people’s income. Goat skins used to produce the water bottle or container (Mashk), oil containers, and containers for making Dough (yogurts drink).
Abadeh Cashmere goats vary in color. They are 60 percent black with the remaining in grey, crème, brown, red, or a mix of these colors from chest to tail (narrow line). These goats have shorter withers height than waist.
These animals are a protein source for people, and like other goat ecotypes of Fars province, can be sold for substantial prices in foreign markets such as Persian Gulf states.
Items use of products
The Abadeh Cashmere goat breeders produce different dairy products from milk, such as yogurt, butter, cheese, and Nagorno Qrvt that play a significant role in feeding families. Approximately five to six months of milk is used. Their meat as a valuable protein source used for consumption and to increase household income.
Measures for identifying and genetic improvement
In 2000, agriculture experts of Jihad-e-Agriculture organization tried to identify Abadeh Cashmere goats according to their morphological characteristics, in addition to other goat’s ecotypes in Fars province, and breeding programs have covered them.
Suggested ways to improve performance
In terms of their production ability, to prevent mass extinction of these valuable genes, it is suggested to perform identifying projects of all production and reproductive traits in breeding programs for increasing their potential output.
Special thanks to Dr. Farhad Mirzaei, IGA Country Representative in Iran, for submitting this article
The International Goat Association promotes goat research and development for the benefit of humankind, to alleviate poverty, to promote prosperity and to improve the quality of life.