Nutrition & Food Science International Journal, Volume 2, Issue 4, February 2017
The worldwide distribution of goats was discussed leading to the justifiable assumption that more people drink goat milk or eat their products than any other milk after weaning from human nursing. Goats have had a superior growth rate in numbers compared to other milk producing domestic animals, especially in the developing countries with large population increases and high rates of undernutrition and malnutrition. Goat farming, especially with milking goats can be quite profitable regardless of country, if intensive types of management are practiced, leading to the prospect that for the increasing people populations there are increasing numbers of milk producing goats available to fight undernutrition and malnutrition. The choice for goat milk has at least three reasons,
- They are more adapted to severe climate and geological conditions than any other domestic milk producing mammal.
- They are easier and cheaper kept, especially by women and children than any other domestic milk producing mammal.
- Their milk has superior nutritional and health qualities compared to the milk of the other domestic milk producing mammals. Thus it can seriously be asked why does goat milk matter?
Keywords: Dairy goats; Cow milk allergy; Alpha-s-2 casein; Medium chain fatty acids; Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA)
Globally considered goats are found on each continent except in the Antarctic, and they are giving milk to man on each continent except in the Antarctic. This is in contrast to other animals producing milk for human consumption, which when ranked by numbers globally are: dairy cows (Bos taurus), but they have difficulty living in desert and mountainous countries; then there are sheep, but they have been kept mainly for wool and meat production, water buffaloes are not found nor milked outside of India, Southeast Asia and Italy, BrahmaZebu (Bosindicus) cattle milk production is limited to Brazil and Central America, Yak (Bos gruniens) are milked only in the high altitude mountains of Tibet and Mongolia, camels are only milked in desert countries, horses and donkeys have been milked in Mongolia, Bulgaria and on specialty farms in Europe, Egypt, Chile, moose are milked on a resort farm in Northern Russia, and reindeer produce milk for people in a few arctic regions of Siberia and Finland, while the South American camelids like llamas und Alpaca have never produced milk for man nor have any other mammalian species there before the time of Columbus, and which is a very strange situation, that people like the Incas, Mayas, Aztecs, who were very advanced technologically and apparently also very athletic, but lived without any milk or dairy products in their diet, contrary to the belief of health authorities in Western countries stating that about 1,000 mg calcium is a daily dietary requirement of adult humans and which can be obtained best from three glasses of milk.
Worldwide goats have reached the 1 billion population size due to tremendous percentage increases of more than 50% more goats during the last 40 years, especially in Africa and Asia . Their numbers are stagnant in the Americas while slightly decreasing in Europe but actually increasing in the Mediterranean region, which reflects dairy goat increases against the numbers around the world, which are more dual purpose, meat, brush and fiber goats.
The world statistics of goat milk production also shows a 62% increase from 1993 to 2013 or from 11 to 18 million metric tons, with France, Spain, Turkey and Greece leading in tonnage in that order. As the world people population size increased from 5.5 to 7.2 billion during that same period from 1993 to 2013, it is important and comfortable to know that the large goat number increases in Asia and Africa try to keep pace with the need to feed more people, and that more people actually are exposed to goat milk worldwide than to any other milk.
How to cite this article: George F. W. Haenlein. Why Does Goat Milk Matter? - A Review. Nutri Food Sci Int J. 2017; 2(4): 555594. DOI: 10.19080/NFSIJ.2017.02.555594